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Kalen Delaney

Geek City: Reading the Transaction Log

Sorry, I'm not actually going to tell you how to read the log. I'm just going to talk about it... and whether it's a good thing to be able to do or not, or whether it's an absolutely crucial feature that MS needs to provide for us immediately, in a hotfix, if not sooner. Forget about fixing bugs, I want to read the log because I forgot to set up a trace beforehand....

You may have noticed that my blogging frequency has fallen off. One or two of you also noticed that I am no longer writing a regular article each month for SQL Server Magazine. Those two facts are related. I have cut back on non-essential activities to try to get my next book out as soon as possible.  It looks like I might even finish in time to get the book out on the shelves by early next year. Stay tuned...

Since I couldn't bear to not do anything for SQL Server Magazine, I started writing the commentary in the weekly email newsletter.  Actually, I do it every week but the fourth week of the month. If you like, you can sign up for this free newsletter here.

My commentary last Thursday seemed to have rattled some cages. Before I even woke up Thursday morning, there were already two comments on the site, and someone sent me a personal email about what I wrote.  By now, there are quite a few more comments. I basically wrote about the need for a log reader tool. It wasn't deeply technical; it's just a commentary after all. You can read it here:

But boy, did people get upset. They called me bad names... well, if 'mediocre' can be considered a bad name...

So I responded as follows:

Wow... I have never gotten so many comments so quickly about one of my articles. I must really have touched a nerve here!

There is a difference between the actual data rows referenced by the log, and the log format. It's the log format, and giving people full details about what is in the log, that is propriatary information. There is nothing specifically bad about giving people that information. However, calling me names because I don't stand up on a soapbox and DEMAND that MS add this functionality seems a little extreme. There are plenty of other things MS could do with the product and providing a log reader tool is way down on the list.

Yes I realize it is important to some people, but there are many other ways to get this information through tracing etc. If the developer resources are limited at MS, I would much prefer they spend their time on more important stuff. MS knows it's important that people have this information, that's why they added a great deal of additional tracing capabilities in SQL Server 2008.

Also, keep in mind that a log reader tool wouldn't help you debug problems with logic, or with bad reports due to faulty SELECTs. If your WHERE clause was written badly, a log reader tool could tell you which rows were affected, but not WHY. You'd need a tracing tool for that. Vogelm's comment that a log reader tool would help troubleshoot bad queries from 3rd party apps is not true; you need to see the statements for that, not just the affected data.

I do appreciate kbreneman's comment that the real problem is one of perception. MS should make clear that the transaction log is not an audit tool; if you want auditing, you need to set it up on your own, because you're the only one who knows what's important for you to capture.

(The only way to respond to comments is to write a comment of my own, and then the form insists that I rate the article I am responding to. I always feel a bit weird having to rate my own articles.)

Since I wrote the article, I have found out that Lumigent does have a log reader tool for SQL Server 2005, but I have heard less than stellar reviews about its ability to capture some of the more interesting datatype activities that are now possible in SQL Server 2005. And their website still doesn't list any version numbers.

I can't stop thinking about this, so I thought I would open up the issue to a wider audience.

How important do you think it is that Microsoft provide a log reader tool for us?



Published Saturday, August 23, 2008 3:07 PM by Kalen Delaney

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Uri Dimant said:

Hello Kalen.

That is urgent necessity. It would be nice to have an ability to read/recover small portion of data that users just deleted/updated by mistake. I mean , there is no need to restore am entire database and apply all log backups  but by using such tool to restore just recently deleted/updated data.

My two cents

August 24, 2008 1:01 AM

Geyzerskiy Dmitriy said:

Hello Kalen,

I also think that having transaction log reader would be very useful and sometimes may rescue from application fault.

Several months ago I had to restore some critical data after programmer's fault (he issued an UPDATE statement without WHERE clause and by Murphy Low there was no proper backup available).

Lumigent Log Explorer was not supported for 64 bit environment (I think it is still unsupported on 64 bit), APEX SQL failed to recover the log so I had to "reverse engineer" it myself. I managed to recover all the sensitive data but it took me 2 working days. It is needless to say that if I had had transaction log reader available it would have saved me a lot of time.

I totally agree that it is not a substitute for any auditting or tracing tools and it shouldn't be used for performance troubleshooting. But I do think that it may rescue sometimes and even pour some light on various optimizations SQL Server performs beyond the scene. The latter may help DBAs better understand the way SQL Server handles different DML operations or manipulates complex datatypes.

August 24, 2008 9:45 AM

AaronBertrand said:

I agree with Kalen, that this is nice-to-have functionality, not an urgent necessity.  To recover data from an errant delete, what are backups for?  Oh, you're not taking backups?  Oops.  As for finding out who deleted some chunk of data, well, for one, why do people you can't trust have the permissions to do so?

What do you do when you accidentally lose your passport, or throw out today's newspaper instead of yesterday's, or shift + delete a folder of photos, or close a query window without saving?  Accidents happen, and you do what you can to avoid them.  But no software company can possibly protect you from all of them.

Given all of the new auditing and change capture functionality Microsoft has put into the product, it's time we start taking responsibility for the things we do against our own databases, and they have made it much easier for us to do so.  A free log reading tool is not (and should not be!) the only way to protect ourselves from data loss.  

August 24, 2008 5:26 PM

David said:


You are right that when people only do things the correct way the need for a log reader is not that important. However in the real world lots of people do make mistakes until they get bitten by their mistake. At that point, the only thing that can rescue them is a log reader. I don't think that Microsoft saying, well you should've had backups is going to make them too happy.

I'm not sure why that would expose proprietery information, all they need is a list of transactions that were commited so that they can roll them back. I think that you're Inside SQL server series and Ken Henderson's books have much more information about how SQL Server works than what a log reader would provide.

August 24, 2008 6:38 PM

Greg Linwood said:

I agree with David - a log reader doesn't need to reveal any proprietary MS information.

I think it is entirely appropriate for MS to provide a log explorer utility that allows customers to access their own data from log files (without any proprietary MS info) in the event of user error, hardware failure or even SQL Server exceptions. These do occur occassionally & sometimes there are no other options than log exporation. In these occassions, I'd rather have this option open rather than not.

August 24, 2008 9:06 PM

AaronBertrand said:

Greg, there are many, many things that you could argue Microsoft "should" provide.  However, for a lot of them, there is a market for 3rd party vendors to provide the tools too, and this is one of those niche areas where I don't think the average SQL Server customer should need this as an every day tool.  I use several third party tools to facilitate functionality that Microsoft does not provide for "free," and I use them a LOT more than I would ever use a log reader.

August 24, 2008 9:25 PM

Greg Linwood said:

Sure this shouldn't be an every day tool, but when it's needed it's REALLY needed! My point here is that the frequency of use of a feature / tool isn't all that matters - the criticality of the function is also highly relevant.

I happily use 3rd party tools btw (Lumigent & Apex) but afaik there is no comprehensive 3rd party log explorer / recovery tool that handles all column types at the moment. If I encounter a scenario where data needs to be recovered from tlog backups and the rows contain columns that use types unsupported by current tools (ex XML) there simply are no options available.

August 24, 2008 10:39 PM

AaronBertrand said:

The rarity and criticality are exactly what make this a 3rd party tool opportunity.  How long do you think it will be before Lumigent and Apex (and maybe others) capitalize on this?  Personally, I've stayed away from data types like XML that leave this little bit of uncertainty.  And if I absolutely had to use them for some reason, then I would strengthen my disaster recovery methods before I would ask Microsoft to provide me with something...

August 24, 2008 10:49 PM

Steve Dassin said:

Kalen said:

>I basically wrote about the need for a log reader tool.

Lets be clear you didn't write about 'your' great need for it. The need you wrote about was that users need to be more responsible in their work so they wouldn't keep nagging MS for something that's none of their business. You're suggesting that if users practice the database variation of safe hex they wouldn't have such a need. Users need a log only if they go about their business like a bump on a log.

Kalen said:

>But boy, did people get upset. They called me bad names...

You raise a hot button issue. You tell us you know most users want a log reader. But you suggest this need is rooted in the same users acting irresponsibly. And you're shocked, shocked that after pouring gasoline on a fire that it heats up. I don't think you're being mediocre, I think you're being disingenuous.

August 24, 2008 11:33 PM

AaronBertrand said:

So other than sticking your head in the sand and pretending there is no issue, what is the magic answer Steve?  We can either educate users about ways to reduce or avoid the risk, wait for 3rd party tool vendors to catch up with full coverage, or bang on Microsoft's door and tell them that they need to provide this tool>  Personally I know what I am going to do; or would you like to tell us all what we should be doing?

August 24, 2008 11:47 PM

Uri Dimant said:


I said that is an urgent necessity because I'm still  impressed by a sitiation  where our client deleted very,very ... important data and because the database is very big (800GB)so woth proper DRS we we able to restore the deleted data however some of valuable time was lost hence such tool would be helpfull.

I perhaps seems like to have an ability restoring single table in 6.5 where MS said that we can break down DRI.As with such tool ,in application where data is frequently deleted/inserted we have to be carefull to restore/recover from the log data.

My two cents


August 25, 2008 12:31 AM

AaronBertrand said:

Uri, you are confusing a one-time urgent necessity for your specific client's situation (which you were able to work around anyway), with a general urgent necessity for every customer.  To put it into perspective, think back to all of the people who have said that a DATE data type was an "urgent necessity."  Was it really an urgent necessity?  No.  An urgent want, maybe.

August 25, 2008 12:41 AM

Amish Shah said:

Hi Kalen,

       I also need it many times and feel it may be a great fun if Microsoft provide such a tool. On a large environment while someone mess up your data due to any mistake and you have to now found solution for it , it will be a great handy thing.I think if Microsoft provide it, it will be a great help. I think Microsoft can do it better  because Microsoft know its log better then any one :-).

August 25, 2008 2:25 AM

Uri Dimant said:

>you are confusing a one-time urgent necessity for your specific >client's situation (which you were able to work around anyway), >with a general urgent necessity for every customer.

Maybe, but it was costly (a few years of my live I have lost there :-). I agree with Greg on his point that the criticality of the function is also highly relevant.

BTW, I have been satisfied with DATETIME all the times and I fully agree it was an urgent want...

August 25, 2008 3:47 AM

Steve Dassin said:

>Dear Kalen, We expect more from you.

>It is disappointing to see a highly regarded professional like you being mediocre.

>Berating people for demanding Microsoft’s proprietary information was the wrong way to start this article.

What are these expressions of? Kalen isn't a nobody, she's a hero. And what do you think when your hero of bits and bytes so nonchalantly cuts you off at the knees? You don't think, you feel...betrayal. Read any book about a rdbms to understand normalization, read any book by Shakespeare to understand disappointment. This isn't a machine thing, it's a human thing. "The white knight is talking backwards and the queen is off with her head". Perhaps Kalen should go ask Alice:) Do you follow my drift Aaron?

August 25, 2008 6:27 AM

andyleonard said:

Hi Kalen,

  Obviously an interesting topic.

  I wanted a log reader once. I used a tool from Red Gate to access a SQL Server 2000 database transaction log, mostly to find out what had caused something bad to happen. It turned out to be some obscure statement at the end of a long list of statements in a stored procedure.

  Short version of long story: several (20+) people had developed the application and it was now in maintenance mode - maintained by 3 people, and that part-time.

  I don't know how I would have located the root cause of the issue without reading the log, given the size and complexity of the application and my lack of knowledge of its inner workings.

  Could the database have been designed better? Absolutely. I have seen very few third-party databases without designs that I believe could be improved.

  I think that's the crux of this issue for me. I think about the production / operations DBAs in the field supporting a host of third-party applications where they simply do not have time to dig into the database and find the root-cause. I also wonder how Microsoft feels about the third-party log tools.


  On the personal attacks, that seems to be more the norm these days. Most people are simply frustrated because they're stuck and cannot find a solution. They may be up against the wall. In the example I reference above I lost my job, and that incident was a contributing factor. These folks believe Microsoft could make their lives easier by providing this or that functionality. I can't really fault them. And I try to help them while ignoring their attitude / anger.

  Some folks are trying to bridge the gaps in knowledge and provide solutions / explanations for the gaps, real and perceived. A lot of these folks are MVPs, bloggers, and authors and I see you in this category.

  A few people are ticked - perhaps jealous - simply because you're an MVP and author. They spew bile at all-things-Microsoft (or most) and have recently ran out of things to do with their time now that Bill Gates is no longer active in the day-to-day operations of the company. (What would you call someone who believes no one else's opinion, preference, or choice regarding software is valid unless it agrees with their own? Is "techniopath" a word?) I don't know how one addresses that fringe. I ignore them.

Hang in there and keep up the good work,


August 25, 2008 8:38 AM

Stephen Mandeville said:

I would love a log reader tool.

But the peronal attacks against you i can't take, this is a technical issue nothing to do with personal feelings.

Keep up the good work Kalen.


August 25, 2008 9:10 AM

noeldr said:

All I am going to add is this: Assume you have a VLDB and someone/something deleted what should have never been (accidents do happen we are humans) How long would it take to recover (add expense, time etc ) vs the price of having the right tool at hand?

In terms of personal attacks, I am against them period!

August 25, 2008 10:19 AM

AaronBertrand said:

noeldr, I am not against having a log reader tool available.  I just happen to agree with Kalen that for the things that Microsoft can ship for free, this shouldn't be a high priority.  If the reader tool saves that much time/expense than the cost of buying a 3rd party product should be easy to justify.

August 25, 2008 10:27 AM

David Benoit said:

Wow - pretty exciting how much feedback a discussion about a log reader tool brings.

I find it interesting that there is so much emphasis on MS providing a tool for this when there are already at least 3 products on the market which do this already. My guess is (and this is really more than a guess as one of the product manufacturers told me this) that most these software companies that are making these products are not making big bucks on their log reader products. So, if the urgency is so high for MS to get one why is it that the market for software producers is not better for those that have a log reader tool already. You would think that all the people claiming the necessity of such a tool would be knocking down their doors.

I agree, it would be a "nice to have" tool but that is all. I remember one of the companies told me they wanted to license theirs on a per use basis as it was really nothing more than a tool like a fire extinguisher, "break glass when needed".

I would hate to see MS spend too much time on a tool that provides limited value to the DBA life when there are SO MANY other things that could benefit us far greater.

Thanks for the article Kalen - and I agree with you. (Glad my email is not posted along with yours : ) )


August 25, 2008 1:33 PM

Simon Worth said:

Log readers would be cool to have - and being the geek I am, I'm sure I would use it - just to see the inner workings.  But I don't think its a necessity at all.  Just a nice to have.  And I can think of other nice to have's that would be higher in the list.

With proper backup strategies in place, audits, and trace info I really don't see what the transaction log is going to offer you in the long run except a cool way to peer in the depths of SQL Server using a nice GUI tool.

Sure - it would be nice to have the "Oh darn, I meant to put rollback in there if it didn't work as I thought it was going to" option that a log viewer might offer, but I really don't think it's something we can't live without.

August 25, 2008 2:31 PM

aprato said:

I have to echo what Aaron said... you should be taking regular backups whether they're full backups or they're differentials.  If you're not, then shame on you.  I just had a situation this week where I was asked to reconstruct the rows of some deleted users.  The last backup was a full backup that was taken THREE WEEKS EARLIER.  I mean, c'mon.

August 25, 2008 8:04 PM

Paul Randal said:

I don't think Microsoft should provide a log reader tool, although I can see the need for them. I started to write up a comment and it turned into a 1000-word article, so I blogged it. See

August 25, 2008 8:24 PM

Steve Dassin said:

Ok, those on the 'dis' side of a LR are really the altruistic ones among us. They are only trying to save users, the sloppy ones, from themselves. And since a LR is a major contributor to bad db practices how much sense does it make for MS to include one and discourage its own users? If you really want to play fast and loose instead of running a tight ship you better look at a 3rd party for your crutch. Of course some may feel that all this is just a lot of smoke and mirrors. We're not really talking altruism but politics. As in the MS vendor protection program. Perhaps one of the big sites will run a poll:)

>But boy, did people get upset. They called me bad names ... 'mediocre'  

>But the peronal attacks against you i can't take

>She'd been lambasted

There must be something wrong with my pc because I obviously have missed these excoriating comments. Do people actually think that in this day and age anything that's been written on this subject amounts to an actual personal 'attack'? Go to a Vista or old Access ng to see personal nuking. An opposing opinion with a slight pin prick is not a personal 'attack'! We seem to be talking about no skin, not even thin skin. Grow just a bit of bark so when you get

hit with those lollypops they won't hurt so much :)

August 26, 2008 7:05 AM

Robert Davis said:

I thought about using a third party log reader once, but it required me to install an agent on every server whose logs I wanted to be able to read. No thanks!!

It would be nice to have a log reader tool so that when someone deletes somthing, I can find out who, when, and how. I don't need it for data recovery.

MS could provide a tool as a built-in administrative utility without giving it away for free. They could simply make it a feature of Enterprise Edition. It would only read the logs of servers running Enterprise or Developer Editions. Free, but not free, so to speak.

August 27, 2008 4:42 PM

Sinisa said:

In my, humble opinion, I would suggest not to open this 'pandora box' - once opened it will be hard to close it again, ever - people, over year or two, will think that anything is possible because they have tool to revert anythig, in anyway, by any means to keep them safe....not god idea.

Actualy, saw this behaviour three years ago (using redgate) on dozen of developers and more disapointing dba's - reverting transactions just like that, not thinking on anything else.

August 28, 2008 10:20 AM

RichB said:

For me a log reader would probably not be worthwhile - I imagine trundling through 100+GB/Day of logs would be pretty harsh just to find a 1 line delete.  Perhaps a better option would be an option to have a mode to make particular tables read only, or even write once read many (eg financial logs).  Alternatively have an option to maintain rowversions for these tables - again something you can easily implement yourself through triggers etc.

As has been mentioned, there are third party tools to do it - surely better for MS to finish the product as it stands rather than add more stuff that would be half finished?  Fixing intellisense would be a start... ( with a table called counter try running count(*) - other keywords also borked)

August 28, 2008 12:44 PM

Phil Factor said:

It is very wrong to blame Kalen for putting Microsoft's viewpoint on whether they should halp users by giving information about the structure of the log. However, that doesn't mean that Microsoft are right in maintaining that it should remain a secret.

The original article was interesting but it made me wince a little bit, I have to admit, knowing the depth of frustration amongst a lot of DBAs about this subject. I'm not sure that Microsoft has, in the past, been very inclined to sympathise with requests for information on the Log. I can remember some very clipped replies.

I believe that there is a good legitimate reason to provide a log rescue utility, and to make the details of the log structure public. There is probably an equally legitimate reason for not doing so. It is just that I don't understand what it is.

Andy Leonard really hit the nail on the head in his reply. Very true.

Please, Kalen, keep the debate going, and don't mind the names. Some DBAs just drink too much coffee when they're stressed.

August 28, 2008 2:52 PM

Daniel Torres said:

What about not a LogReader, but the functionality to reverse transactions, as a more granular solution than LogShipping or Tlog Backup. I mean if reading the log is kind of a "nice to have" the point about not-so-perfect strategy is true too. What about just list of transactions and the ability to roll them back in case is needed. I think that can be an interesting middle point

Or maybe is just a silly point from a newbie:)

My 2 cents

November 6, 2008 12:21 AM

Andrew Nakamura said:

It seems funny that I seem to spend more and more time on logs.  Anyway, andyleonard and I would have to be on the same page.  I used LogReader from RedGate which is now free for the taking.

One time I was researching an app that we didn't know how it was moving (or removing) data from the application.  The table just "magically" appeared to be missing records.  I was able to use the log reader and find out which statements, but ended up using the profiler to find out the command that did the dirty work.

So should it be available via MS, doubt it because even RedGate gave up support for their LogReader and I would imagine others doing the same.  ApexLog is available, but what would you really get, just to see inside the log and reverse individual changes?  I haven't used that yet...but who knows, I'm pretty young :) so I may still see it one day!


November 14, 2008 5:46 PM

Denis Gobo said:

Wow, it has been already a year since I wrote A year in review, The 21 + 1 best blog posts on SQLBlog

December 31, 2008 10:38 AM

Kraig Kerr said:

I'm not here to argue where MS should provide a log reader or not; whether is morally correct or not; or whether there's a need or not. Rather I'd like to point out that among this body of presenters and respondents appears to be the collective intellect and experience  needed to develop such a tool, so the only question in my mind is "Are we "the 3rd party" up to the task?" I would certainly hope with all this understanding of undocumented procedures, the storage engine, internals and the transaction log;  we, and I mean "we" not just Kalen, Kimberly & Paul, Phil Factor and any other names I forgot to name-drop could focus that broad knowledge and come up with something.

That said, I've been working on such a tool to make "real-time" data-warehousing a reality and have had some pretty good success, I might add. But what I've developed is not perfect. I still would like to find out if it's better in CLR or set-based or whether I should offload some of the overhead using Service Broker or not. So I come before this collective, whose blogs I've read and digested, to see if someone would like to add they're intellect and experience to my own in perfecting and bettering such a tool . But, please "spare" me the responses about CDC and ChangeTracking in SQL Server 2008, if I thought they were a better fit I'd use them and telling me to fork out $100 Grand for some "real-time" 3rd party solution that does the same thing, that's a brilliant idea. Where's the challenge in that?

So if you're willing to give it a go, contact me at

If you're unable or not up to the task that's fine too, or if you'd just like to flame me and wallow in self-pity as to why someone else won't build something "you need" for you; post all the comments you want on Kalen's blog here.

January 26, 2009 3:46 PM

cherie said:

I like having a log reader tool.  I often NEED a log reader tool to see what someone else has done with their system so I can fix it.  So ultimately, yes, I think Microsoft should have one available.  I wouldn't say they have to provide it for free, but if they want people to use their software, they need to consider people are going to use what economically will meet their business needs.  I work for a Fortune 1000 company but I don't get to buy extraneous software and I can't get the financial types to understand the NEEDS of what I do often.  They don't want to understand.  I don't mind paying for the tool, but I would have to pay for it out of my own pocket.  Corporate stand is that they have already bought the software and they pay me to deal with the issues.  

I am working on writing my own, but that takes time..

July 15, 2009 2:39 PM

OhBy said:

Oracle Does provide the ability to dump a transaction log to capture a query (and the UID that executed the query).

I see no reason why Microsoft should not provide the same.

October 21, 2009 11:22 AM

Kalen Delaney said:

Hi OhBy

I think we've already discussed this. SQL Server's log is a physical log, not a logical log, so it does not store the queries. It stores the data that was changed. To completely rearchitect the log to be able to dump queries would require an enormous amount of engineering effort that could be better spent elsewhere.  In addition, it's very easy in SQL Server to set up a simple trace that will capture queries.


October 21, 2009 11:57 AM

Girish Sumaria said:

Leave mistakes of users and developers.

I have a simple idea of giving my end users a server where they can run any queries for their testing and reporting on near live data and schema. If I have a T-Log backup taken every hour, I can read the updates that went on live database and apply similar on the database copy I have.

In absence of Log reading ability, I end up having a stand by database where I cannot restrict users though I have security concerns for this copy.

I have a sensitive manager who understands database half only and then by his whimsical ideas spoils my day.

Kalen, let us form a forum and demand from MS to expose the functions which can give us necessary info and at the same time protects its proprietary concerns.

March 8, 2011 1:42 AM

RH said:

A log is for restoring a database from a particular check point. A log contains changes which are then committed but not undone. It is not an audit log and does not contain that type of information.

With how simple it is these days to use SQL Servers powerful XML features to create an audit trail then why do you all want log readers? They are not meant to reverse to a previous point. They are not an UNDO... sorry.

Proper backups and audits will allow the DBA to restore data to a point in time before corruption and the audit trail to find out what caused it.

That said, we are all placed in less than desirable situations where it may be necessary to see what the value was before. Unfortunately a LOG doesn't necessarily even contain that. Logs don't ROLLBACK... they COMMIT.

May 26, 2011 5:23 PM

Kalen Delaney said:


I don't think there is a formal definition of what _should_ be in a log. In SQL Server, the log actually does have enough information to do roll back, in fact, when you manually roll back, or SQL Server haas to roll back because of failure, it reads the log to see what work to UNDO.

But as I've said, I don't think MS is obligated to provide us with tools to read the log and get this information out of it.


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Would you not review the transaction log to perform a point in time restore?

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November 6, 2012 7:24 AM

Scott Nelson said:

It's worth mentioning that Oracle has built-in support for recovering data from the transaction logs (redo logs).  It's called "Flashback query."

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Microsoft could learn a few things from them.  :)

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September 27, 2018 10:53 PM

슬롯머신사이트 said:

'I'm very, very pleased to study at your school. I think you're the best. You have a very good teacher team and staff. I will strongly recommend your school to all my friends. Thank you very much

‘I would like to thank you for your patience and professionalism. I enjoyed the last 4 weeks so much. I learnt a lot of grammar, speaking and writing and met other people from different nationalities. It was very exciting to talk about special issues in other countries. Everybody was very friendly. Congratulations and all the best to you.’

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February 19, 2019 2:07 AM

바카라사이트 said:

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Also I finally met Shoya! Thank you!!! He is a new man, really!!! I love to see a change in people after they’ve studied overseas for a long time. He has confidence, makes eye contact when he speaks and his English is good! Thank you, thank you, again and again.

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February 19, 2019 2:42 AM

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RELA is an excellent language academy. The teachers here are excellent too. They know how to make the class active and happy. From talking with the teachers, you could learn a lot of English culture. It helps you to improve the language. RELA, thank you for giving me a wonderful time.

I couldn’t say thank you to everyone for some reason. So I’d like say it here… Thank you soooo much for everything, all teachers, all staff and all students. I had a really cool school life at RELA. I improved my English a lot at RELA, but also RELA taught me a lot of things about life as well and made me stronger 🙂 My school life was really unforgettable and I’ll never forget all the people that I’ve met at RELA. Love you guys xxx

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February 19, 2019 2:51 AM

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It has been the greatest experience in my life to study here. Thanks for all you did for me (special classes, supporting me…). I’m going to recommend RELA to any person who wants to learn English and I hope I’ll see you again in the future.

”RELA is the most amazing place I know. Thank you Chris to take care of all of us. Thank you all the office. Thank you my lovely teachers. I think the only negative point in this school is how it makes me sad to leave it.”

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February 19, 2019 2:56 AM

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